DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM by Stuart contributes to Stylish Scripting: SitePoint’s DHTML and CSS Blog. About The. Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM. HTML Source Review. Now that using nice, valid HTML and CSS for layout have been well and truly cracked. I remember the first time I saw an image rollover on a web site, and being blown away by the sheer coolness of such a thing. Of course I.

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Finally, the page also contains images: If we wanted to handle clicks on a link entirely within our JavaScript code, we might want to prevent that default action from being taken.

DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM | Review || Books @ HTML Source

I visit that article all the time to cut and paste dhtm one I need! We then create the text node for the text that will appear inside the link. To find the other cells in this column, we could iterate through all the rows in the table and find within each row the webb that has the same cellIndex. We assign the link variable to each link, as a way to simplify the following code.

But we can improve on that!

Consider this HTML snippet:. If, before setting up the event listeners, you check that the browser supplies all the DOM features required by the code, event listeners will not be set up for browsers that do not support those features. Symmetrically, the p node is the parent of the a node. In Internet Explorer where there is a global window.

The big image would eventually disappear off the top-left corner of the viewing area! Testing whether a given item is defined just got a little more complex but only a little! These are shown in Table 3. Unfortunately, the clientX and clientY properties of the event object are nowhere near as reliable.


The removal is done with the following lines:. This is the cross-browser approach to identifying which link was clicked; we check for a window. The mouseout function does the exact opposite: How can we get a reference to that text node?

Here, we set fooHeight if, and only if, offsetHeight is supported on foo. Where do events come from in the first place? This is a very important distinction.

The problems of browser support can be mitigated by coding defensively: First, imagine your Website has a list of links to different sections. The setupRollovers function does nothing but install listeners.

Stuart Langridge, DHTML Utopia Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM

The text of the modetn, which read “SitePoint” before, has not changed; if we need to alter that, we have to do so separately. The above code iterates through the retrieved list of tags in standard JavaScript fashion. However, there are no standards to describe how invalid HTML should be interpreted; each browser maker has established their own rules to fill that gap.

A change event, however, will only be fired by elements whose contents can be changed: Another feature-sniff gives us the appropriate value:.

DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript and DOM

This event is fired once the document has finished loading, to signal that all HTML elements are now available. Therefore, to walk through a tree, you can use a series of steps, for example:. We pass the text for the text node as a parameter:. You might have noticed above that I used mouseover, rather than onmouseoverfor the event name.

This idea may seem back-to-front initially. Utopiw hope of your being able modeern control the appearance and functionality of your pages across browsers goes right out the window unless you do this right. If we do not include the brackets, we’re referring to the JavaScript Function object that underlies the method. This little function dhtkl called by the mouseover and mouseout functions.

On such occasions, there is no alternative but to use the dreaded browser sniffing to work out what to do. Each element has a different set of attributes utpoia can be changed: This is not how it was meant to be On with the show!


If you have a moderately complex piece of HTML that dutml many elements, cloneNode is a very quick way to return a copy of that block of HTML ready for insertion into the document:. What would be good is a complete tutorial or e-book on creating a website engine template consisting of php, css, dhtml seperating content from all the above scripting languages.

JavaScript allows you to collapse expressions together like this. Feature sniffing can be used on any JavaScript object: This tutorial provides an introduction to the basics of JavaScript for the total non-programmer. Each element becomes an element node, and each bit of text becomes a text node.

The techniques we have explored in this chapter are at their most powerful when we combine the dynamic capabilities of DHTML with the page styling of CSS. The DOM specifications enlarge the idea of event handlers by providing event targets and event listeners. We can obtain the second child in our weh HTML an li element as follows:.

DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM — SitePoint

You just need to make sure that your page displays correctly when JavaScript is turned off. We can add it back to the document somewhere else if we want to. Every property of an element, and every CSS style that can be applied to it, can be set from JavaScript. This is an important benefit of the new technique: These needs may necessitate a shift away from your previous experiences writing HTML.

As mentioned above, browsers javaecript on a standard that describes how validated HTML should be interpreted.